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The iris dataset is a data science classic. It is part of the default kedro pipeline as of 0.15.9 if you choose to include an example pipeline, which we will use for this example. This is a great starting point for your very first experience with find-kedro. If you are already using kedro with a completed project there is no need to refactor it to use find-kedro, but if you want to implement it on an active project this example will show you how to refactor your existing kedro pipeline to use find-kedro.

Create a new Environment and activate

I CANNOT underemphasize the importance of separate environments for each project, for example, or toy that you create. Not only does it help your project be easier to run later, but it prevents you from causing major issues inside of environments for you active development projects. The LAST thing I want you to do is to wreck a day of work by installing find-kedro and wrecking dependencies in a working environment.

example using conda

$ conda create -n find-kedro-iris python=3.7 -y
$ activate find-kedro-iris

Install find-kedro and check the version

Let's get after it and install kedro and find-kedro into our new environment. As I am unsure of what the iris example will look like in future versions of kedro I recommend following along with kedro==0.15.9, but feel free to try it with the latest if you are feeling adventurous.


Before continuing on make sure that you are using a separate environment for this example using, conda, pipenv, virtualenv, or your environment manager of choice important.

$ pip install kedro find-kedro

let's check out our installation before moving forward and make sure everything looks right.

$ kedro --version
find-kedro, version 0.16.1
$ find-kedro --version
find-kedro, version 0.0.5
$ find-kedro --help

Usage: find-kedro [OPTIONS]

  --file-patterns TEXT       glob-style file patterns for Python node module

  --patterns TEXT            prefixes or glob names for Python pipeline, node,
                             or list object discovery

  -d, --directory DIRECTORY  Path to save the static site to
  -v, --verbose              Prints extra information for debugging
  -V, --version              Prints version and exits
  --help                     Show this message and exit.


At this point your development machine is set up for the find-kedro-iris project. Next we will get the project started by using kedro-new

kedro new

Like I said before, this example is built off of the default kedro iris template. When Running kedro new make sure that you answer y to the last question in order to generate the example project.

$ kedro new

Follow through these answers

Project Name:
Please enter a human readable name for your new project.
Spaces and punctuation are allowed.
 [New Kedro Project]: Find Kedro Iris
Repository Name:
Please enter a directory name for your new project repository.
Alphanumeric characters, hyphens and underscores are allowed.
Lowercase is recommended.
Python Package Name:
Please enter a valid Python package name for your project package.
Alphanumeric characters and underscores are allowed.
Lowercase is recommended. Package name must start with a letter or underscore.
Generate Example Pipeline:
Do you want to generate an example pipeline in your project?
Good for first-time users. (default=N)
 [y/N]: y
Change directory to the project generated in /mnt/c/temp/find-kedro-examples/find-kedro-iris
A best-practice setup includes initialising git and creating a virtual environment before running `kedro install` to install project-specific dependencies. Refer to the Kedro documentation: https://kedro.readthedocs.io/

After you intall the default iris template go ahead and append find-kedro to the end of your find-kedro-iris/src/requirements.txt file.

Next cd into the find-kedro-iris example directory, install kedro dependencies, and the project itself. It is very important that if you have any imports that are fully qualified/absolute i.e from find_kedro_iris.pipeline.data_engineering import pipeline that you install the project otherwise find-kedro will not be able to process the imports.

$ cd find-kedro-iris
$ kedro install
$ pip install -e src

Running find-kedro at this point will render an empty pipeline.

$ find-kedro
  "__default__": []

implement find-kedro compatible pipelines

find-kedro works by pattern matching variables that are either an iterable of nodes, a node, or a pipeline. By default, the pattern is set to any variable with pipeline or node in the name. In order to utilize the existing codebase, we will simply append the following to the end of src/find_kedro_iris/pipelines/data_science/pipeline.py.

+ data_science_pipeline = create_pipeline()

And essentially the same to the end of src/find_kedro_iris/pipelines/data_engineering/pipeline.py

+ data_engineering_pipeline = create_pipeline()

NOTE its important to have the word pipeline in the name or to change the default patterns in find-kedro.

At this point, you should be able to run find-kedro and see that it is picking up pipelines from both modules, and that both modules get combined into the __default__ pipeline.

$ find-kedro

  "__default__": [
    "split_data([example_iris_data,params:example_test_data_ratio]) -> [example_test_x,example_test_y,example_train_x,example_train_y]",
    "train_model([example_train_x,example_train_y,parameters]) -> [example_model]",
    "predict([example_model,example_test_x]) -> [example_predictions]",
    "report_accuracy([example_predictions,example_test_y]) -> None"
  "src.find_kedro_iris.pipelines.data_engineering.pipeline": [
    "split_data([example_iris_data,params:example_test_data_ratio]) -> [example_test_x,example_test_y,example_train_x,example_train_y]"
  "src.find_kedro_iris.pipelines.data_science.pipeline": [
    "train_model([example_train_x,example_train_y,parameters]) -> [example_model]",
    "predict([example_model,example_test_x]) -> [example_predictions]",
    "report_accuracy([example_predictions,example_test_y]) -> None"

I do prefer a bit shorter/cleaner pipeline names so I would personally pass in src/find_kedro_iris/pipelines as the directory to find-kedro.

$ find-kedro -d src/find_kedro_iris/pipelines
  "__default__": [
    "split_data([example_iris_data,params:example_test_data_ratio]) -> [example_test_x,example_test_y,example_train_x,example_train_y]",
    "train_model([example_train_x,example_train_y,parameters]) -> [example_model]",
    "predict([example_model,example_test_x]) -> [example_predictions]",
    "report_accuracy([example_predictions,example_test_y]) -> None"
  "data_engineering.pipeline": [
    "split_data([example_iris_data,params:example_test_data_ratio]) -> [example_test_x,example_test_y,example_train_x,example_train_y]"
  "data_science.pipeline": [
    "train_model([example_train_x,example_train_y,parameters]) -> [example_model]",
    "predict([example_model,example_test_x]) -> [example_predictions]",
    "report_accuracy([example_predictions,example_test_y]) -> None"

Implement find-kedro plugin

Now you can swap out create_pipelines for find-kedro, and it will be responsible for collecting pipelines for you.

line 36 of src/find_kedro_iris/run.py

- from find_kedro_iris.pipeline import create_pipelines
+ from find_kedro import find_kedro

line 48 of

    def _get_pipelines(self) -> Dict[str, Pipeline]:
-       return create_pipelines()
+       return find_kedro()

remove create_pipelines

Since find-kedro is now responsible for collecting pipelines for you, the src/find_kedro_iris/pipelines.py is no longer used and can be removed.

$ rm src/find_kedro_iris/pipelines.py

Final Step

­čĄ×Fingers crossed it is time to run your pipeline. Running kedro run in your console should yield the following result.

$ kedro run

2020-05-02 23:15:21,755 - root - INFO - ** Kedro project find-kedro-iris
fatal: not a git repository (or any parent up to mount point /mnt)
Stopping at filesystem boundary (GIT_DISCOVERY_ACROSS_FILESYSTEM not set).
2020-05-02 23:15:22,411 - kedro.versioning.journal - WARNING - Unable to git describe /mnt/c/temp/find-kedro-examples/find-kedro-iris
FutureWarning: The default value of auto_mkdir=True has been deprecated and will be changed to auto_mkdir=False by default in a future release.
2020-05-02 23:15:24,849 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_iris_data` (CSVDataSet)...2020-05-02 23:15:24,877 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `params:example_test_data_ratio` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,879 - kedro.pipeline.node - INFO - Running node: split_data([example_iris_data,params:example_test_data_ratio]) -> [example_test_x,example_test_y,example_train_x,example_train_y]
2020-05-02 23:15:24,928 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Saving data to `example_train_x` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,929 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Saving data to `example_train_y` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,930 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Saving data to `example_test_x` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,931 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Saving data to `example_test_y` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,933 - kedro.runner.sequential_runner - INFO - Completed 1 out of 4 tasks
2020-05-02 23:15:24,934 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_train_x` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,936 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_train_y` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,939 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `parameters` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:24,940 - kedro.pipeline.node - INFO - Running node: train_model([example_train_x,example_train_y,parameters]) -> [example_model]
2020-05-02 23:15:25,536 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Saving data to `example_model` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:25,537 - kedro.runner.sequential_runner - INFO - Completed 2 out of 4 tasks
2020-05-02 23:15:25,538 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_model` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:25,539 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_test_x` (MemoryDataSet)...2020-05-02 23:15:25,539 - kedro.pipeline.node - INFO - Running node: predict([example_model,example_test_x]) -> [example_predictions]
2020-05-02 23:15:25,543 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Saving data to `example_predictions` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:25,544 - kedro.runner.sequential_runner - INFO - Completed 3 out of 4 tasks
2020-05-02 23:15:25,545 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_predictions` (MemoryDataSet)...
2020-05-02 23:15:25,546 - kedro.io.data_catalog - INFO - Loading data from `example_test_y` (MemoryDataSet)...2020-05-02 23:15:25,546 - kedro.pipeline.node - INFO - Running node: report_accuracy([example_predictions,example_test_y]) -> None
2020-05-02 23:15:25,547 - src.find_kedro_iris.pipelines.data_science.nodes - INFO - Model accuracy on test set: 96.67%
2020-05-02 23:15:25,549 - kedro.runner.sequential_runner - INFO - Completed 4 out of 4 tasks
2020-05-02 23:15:25,550 - kedro.runner.sequential_runner - INFO - Pipeline execution completed successfully.